Fog Seal

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Primary Resource

  • Asphalt Emulsion Manufacturers Association (AEMA). 2004. Recommended Performance Guideline. Third Edition.
  • ASTM specifications for the liquid materials listed in the individual sections (if they are not already included):

1. ASTM D977 Emulsified Asphalt

2. ASTM D2397 / D2397M Cationic Emulsified Asphalt

3. ASTM D2026 / D2026M Cutback Asphalt (Slow Cure Type)

4. ASTM D2027 / D2027M Cutback Asphalt (Medium Cure Type)

5.  ASTM D2028 / D2028M Cutback Asphalt (Rapid Cure Type)

6. ASTM D140 Practice for Sampling Bituminous Materials

7. ASTM D244 Test Methods for Emulsified Asphalts

8. ASTM D977 Specification for Emulsified Asphalt

9. ASTM D2995 Practive for Determing Application Rate for Bituminous Distributors


Helpful Guidelines

Additional Resources

  • The Asphalt Institute (AI) and the Asphalt Emulsion Manufacturers Association (AEMA). 2008. MS-19 Basic Asphalt Emulsion Manual. Fourth Edition.California Department of Transportation. 2003. Chapter 6, "Fog Seals", Maintenance Technical Advisory Guide (TAG). In Caltrans Division of Maintenance.
  • Thomas J. Wood, David W. Janisch, Frank S. Gaillard. 2006. "Minnesota Seal Coat Handbook 2006". Minnesota Department of Transportation.
  •  Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). 2003. Fog Seal Application. Pavement Preservation Checklist Series 4.
  • Nikornpon Prapaitrakul, Tom Freeman, and Charles J. Glover. 2005. "Analyze Existing Fog Seal Asphalts and Additives: Literature Review". Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University System, College Station, Texas.